Varicose veins are enlarged veins and when any vein becomes varicose, the veins affect your feet and legs commonly. This is because of walking upright and standing that causes the pressure in your lower body veins. Varicose veins in many people include even the spider veins. Varicose veins cause discomfort and aching pain that it also leads to serious problems.
Varicose veins may signal other circulatory problems. Thus, the treatment of varices may include procedures or self-care measures by your doctor to remove or close the veins.
Varicose veins do not cause any pain. The signs may include:
- Dark blue or purple color veins
- veins appearing bulging and twisted appearing as cords in your legs
The painful signs occur includes:
- Heavy or achy feel in your legs
- Throbbing, burning, swelling , and muscle cramping in your lower legs
- Severe pain after standing or sitting for longer time
- Varicose veins bleeding
- Itching around the veins
- Painful cord with skin featuring red discoloration.
Hardening of the vein, color changes, skin inflammation or skin ulcers near ankle mean it is a vascular disease serious form and needs medical attention. The spider veins are same as the varicose veins, but are smaller in red or blue found close to the surface of your skin. They appear on the legs and vary in size.
When to visit a doctor
You may consider self care as the first step by wearing compression stocking, stretching legs as exercise to ease the varicose veins pain and thus avert from becoming really worse. but, in case you are worried about the veins look, and are not happy with the self-care tricks, visit a doctor.
Arteries transport blood to your tissues from your heart and the veins return from the body the blood to your heart to get re-circulated. It means your legs veins need to work against the gravity. As the muscle contractions act as elastic vein walls and pumps, it helps blood to return to the heart. This helps tiny valves to open as blood flows towards the heart and to stop from backward flowing.
Causes of varicose veins include:
- Age: Veins lose elasticity on getting older that it stretches. The veins valves become weak that makes the blood to flow backward, instead of moving towards the heart.
- Family history: If there are varicose veins in family history, there are greater chances that you may get the same.
- Sitting or standing for long time: The blood does not flow well for longer periods.
- Obesity: Overweight adds pressure on the veins.