Common Reasons why Men can Have a Low Sperm Count

If you have a low sperm count, you have lower odds of fertilizing the egg of your partner. Although it takes just a sperm to fertilize the egg, you need an adequate number of sperms to ensure a successful fertilization.  While a low sperm count can sometimes be inevitable, there are ways to prevent this from taking place. Below are the common causes of a low sperm count.


Obesity impacts male fertility. The fact is that the layers of fat which surround the testicles can become overheated in an obese male. Overheating is not good for sperm health and this problem can have negative effects on sperm count and result in male infertility.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

A number of experts emphasize that a bacterial infection like gonorrhea can affect the testicles that in turn impacts the production of sperms. The presence of bacteria in the ejaculate allows the body to release chemicals which can impede sperm function.

Exposure to Chemicals

Men whose jobs require them to work with industrial chemicals every day are at risk of having a low sperm count. Jobs which involve exposure to solvents, heavy metals and pesticides can negatively affect overall sperm health.


The habit has been known to increase a person’s risk of various diseases like stroke and heart disease. But smoking can also cause a reduction in sperm count and negatively affect overall sperm health.

Frequent Intercourse

While sexual intercourse is important to fertilize the egg, frequent sex may not be good to maintain your ideal sperm count. Sometimes, male fertility and virility aren’t connected. Fertility can still be experienced by men who have a high sex drive.

Malnutrition and Nutrient Deficiencies

If your body lacks essential nutrients like zinc, vitamin C and selenium, you may experience a low sperm count.


Stress can cause a reduction in sexual function and interfere with hormones required for sperm production. Studies show that stress hormones are capable of overpowering the enzymes necessary to ensure the production of testosterone, which is responsible for sperm formation.

Apart from the lifestyle changes that you can make to improve your sperm count, there are impotence and harder erections supplements you can take that can also help improve your sperm health. The proper blend of vitamins, minerals and herbs will help increase your sperm count as well as improve sperm quality and motility. Talk to your doctor to know the right supplements to take.